[UPSC Prelims Focus] Changpa Tribes


Context:

  • The Chinese Army’s intrusion in Chumur and Demchok has left Ladakh’s nomadic herding Changpa community cut off from large parts of summer pastures.

UPSC Prelims Focus [CurrentAffairs.Academy – UPSC Prelims & Mains Current Affairs Preparation]

About Changpa Tribes:

  • Who?
    • The Changpa of Ladakh is high altitude pastoralists, raising mainly yaks and goats.
  • Among the Ladakh Changpa, those who are still nomadic are known as Phalpa, and they take their herds from in the Hanley Valley to the village of Lato.
  • Habitat:
    • Hanley is home to six isolated settlements, where the sedentary Changpa, the Fangpa reside.
  • Despite their different lifestyles, both these groups intermarry.
  • Language:
    • The Changpa speak Changskhat, a dialect of Tibetan, and practice Tibetan Buddhism.

UPSC Prelims Focus [CurrentAffairs.Academy – UPSC Prelims & Mains Current Affairs Preparation]

About Changthangi or Pashmina goat:

  • Where?
    • It is a special breed of goat indigenous to the high-altitude regions of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Pashmina:
    • They are raised for ultra-fine cashmere wool, known as Pashmina oncewoven.
  • These goats are generally domesticated and reared by nomadic communities called the Changpa in the Changthang region of Greater Ladakh.
  • Significance:
    • The Changthangi goats have revitalized the economy of Changthang, Leh and Ladakh region.

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