[UPSC Prelims Focus] Global Vaccine Summit


Context:

  • Recently, the Prime Minister of India addressed the virtual Global Vaccine Summit.

About Global Vaccine Summit:

  • Host Country:
    • The Summit was hosted by the United Kingdom (UK).
  • Participants:
    • Almost 50 countries including the business leaders, UN agencies, civil society, government ministers, Heads of State and country leaders participated in the Summit.
  • Purpose: The Summit was intended to urge nations around the world to pledge funding for vaccinations to protect the world from future outbreaks of infectious diseases.
  • Aim: The Summit was aimed at raising USD 7.4 million to immunize a further 300 million children in the world’s poorest countries by 2025.
  • India has pledged USD 15-million as India’s contribution to the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations (GAVI).


Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations (GAVI).

  • What is it?
    • GAVI is a public–private global health partnership with the goal of increasing access to immunization in poor countries.
  • Formation: 2000.
  • GAVI has observer status at the World Health Assembly.
  • GAVI’s approach to public health has been described as business-oriented and technology-focused, using market-oriented measures, and seeking quantifiable results.
  • Significance: GAVI is not just a global alliance but also a symbol of international solidarity.

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