[UPSC Prelims Focus] SWADES Initiative


  • The Government of India has launched a new initiative SWADES to conduct a skill mapping exercise of the returning citizens under the Vande Bharat Mission.

About SWADES Initiative:

  • Objective:
    • To create a database of qualified citizens based on their skill sets and experience and fulfil demand of Indian and foreign companies.
  • SWADES stands for Skilled Workers Arrival Database for Employment Support.
  • Bodies Involved:
    • This is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, the Ministry of Civil Aviation and the Ministry of External Affairs.
  • Implementation:
    • MSDE’s implementation arm National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) is supporting the implementation of the project.
    • The collected information will be shared with the companies for suitable placement opportunities in the country.
  • SWADES Skills Card:
    • The returning citizens are required to fill up an online SWADES Skills Card.
    • The card will facilitate the returning citizens with suitable employment opportunities through discussions with key stakeholders including State Governments, Industry Associations and Employers.

National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

  • Status:
    • NSDC is a not-for-profit public limited company incorporated under section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956 (corresponding to section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013).
    • It was set up by the Ministry of Finance as a Public Private Partnership (PPP) model.
  • Share capital:
    • The Government of India through the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) holds 49% of the share capital of NSDC, while the private sector has the balance 51% of the share capital.
  • Functions:
    • It aims to promote skill development by catalysing creation of large, quality and for-profit vocational institutions.