CAA’s Articulate – Green-Ag Project: To ensure sustainable agriculture


Context:

  • The Union government recently launched the Green-Ag Project in Mizoram, to reduce emissions from agriculture and ensure sustainable agricultural practices.

About the project:

  1. Objectives:
    • Environmental benefits:
      • The project is designed to achieve multiple global environmental benefits in at least 1.8 million hectares (ha) of land in five landscapes, with mixed land use systems.
    • Sustainable resource management:
      • It aims to bring at least 104,070 ha of farms under sustainable land and water management.
    • Carbon sequestration:
      • The project will also ensure 49 million Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) sequestered or reduced through sustainable land use and agricultural practices.
  2. Beneficiary states:
    • Mizoram is one of the five states where the project will be implemented along with  Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttarakhand.
      • The pilot project is supposed to end on March 31, 2026, in all states.
    • Unique site selection in Mizoram:
      • The project covers two districts of Mizoram, which includes two protected areas – the Dampa Tiger Reserve and the Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary.
      • The landscape has revenue villages and community land in close conjunction with national parks and protected areas.
  3. Funding:
    • The Green-Ag Project is funded by the Global Environment Facility.
  4. National executing agency:
    • Department of Agriculture, Cooperation, and Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India.
  5. Other key players involved in its implementation:
    • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).

Significance of the project:

  • Helps in producing niche products and exporting them:
    • Sustainable agriculture as the main component of the project could produce niche products like passion fruits and provide them to the domestic and markets abroad.
    • Mizoram has unique advantages in terms of agro-climatic conditions, water availability and a hard-working population.
  • Helps local people take advantage of the rich agro-biodiversity: 
    • Present in their landscape for sustainability of agriculture and livestock production practices, promotion of secondary agriculture, establishment of green value chains and thereby enhancing their incomes.