CAA’s Articulate – India Report on Digital Education, 2020


Context:

  • India Report on Digital Education 2020 was recently launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

More on News:

  • The report focuses on initiatives taken at the centre and state level so as to ensure the continuity of instruction amid the pandemic.
  • Some of the major medium to connect to the students were using social media tools like WhatsApp Group for all the classes, Online classes through YouTube channel, Google meet, Skype etc.,
    • E-learning portal, TV (Doordarshan & regional channels), Radio (AIR), use of Diksha was the most prominent choice of all the stakeholders.
  • It has been prepared by the Digital Education Division of MHRD in consultation with Education Departments of States and UTs.

Initiatives:

  • By HRD Ministry:
    • It has initiated many projects to assist teachers, scholars and students in their pursuit of learning like –
      • DIKSHA platform – It is a platform for school education which offers teachers, students and parents engaging learning material relevant to the prescribed school curriculum.
      • Swayam Prabha TV Channel, Online MOOC courses,
      • On Air – Shiksha Vani,   DAISY by NIOS for differently-abled, e-PathShala,
      • National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER) to develop e-content and energized books etc.
  • By State Governments:
    • Some of the major digital initiatives are SMILE (Social Media Interface for Learning Engagement) in Rajasthan, Padhai Tunhar duvaar (Education at your doorstep) in Chhattisgarh, Mission Buniyaad in NCT of Delhi etc.
    • Some states have launched innovative mobile apps and portals as means to facilitate remote learning.
      • Madhya Pradesh has launched Top Parent App, a free mobile app that empowers parents of young children (3-8 years) with knowledge and strategies around child development to help them meaningfully engage with their children.
      • Assam has launched the Biswa Vidya Assam Mobile Application for class 6 to 10.
    • States are also pioneering Whatsapp as a medium for education and to encourage teachers, parents, and students to stay connected.
      • Odisha Shiksha Sanjog – a Whatsapp based digital learning programme has been launched in Odisha that shares e-content with class groups in a streamlined way
    • Many states have had to be creative with low tech forms of teaching and instruction delivery with low or nil requirements of the internet.
      • In Arunachal Pradesh, primary class students are receiving interesting Radio talks in their mother tongue through All India Radio, Itanagar.
      • The districts of Jharkhand have localized actual teachers addressing children through regional Doordarshan and available radio slots.
    • Collaboration with NGOs has also been witnessed.
      • Ladakh is collaborating with NGOs like EMBIBE Bangalore and 17000 feet in providing online education to students even in low connectivity zones.
    • NIOS & Swayam Prabha contents are disseminated focusing on children who are not connected to the internet and have limited access to radio & TV.
    • The initiatives from states to make available the content through innovative mediums are ensuring inclusion.
      • Jammu & Kashmir has distributed free tabs to students, along with laptops & Braille tactile readers for visually impaired learners.
      • Andhra Pradesh has started Toll Free Call Centre and Toll Free Video call centre for students for understanding critical topics and clearing their doubts.
      • Jharkhand has started the Roving teacher where many teachers keep moving to teach children.
    • To ensure inclusive learning in remote areas where internet connectivity and electricity is poor and sporadic, States and UTs have also distributed textbooks at children’s doorsteps.
      • Some of the states that have taken this initiative to reach students are Odisha, Madhya Pradesh (under Dakshata Unnayan Programme), Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu, etc.
    • Psychological well being is also focused upon.
      • Mental well-being of children is also taken care of through happiness classes channelized through SMS/IVR for primary grade children in the national capital.

Thus both the centre as well as the state government are determined and committed to curb the learning crisis through the digital medium.